What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes, and accounts for at least 90% of all cases of diabetes. It is characterised by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, either or both of which may be present at the time diabetes is diagnosed. The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can occur at any age. Type 2 diabetes may remain undetected for many years and the diagnosis is often made when a complication appears or a routine blood or urine glucose test is done. It is often, but not always, associated with overweight or obesity, which itself can cause insulin resistance and lead to high blood glucose levels.

Based on the 2011 National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS), among Southeast Asian countries, Malaysia topped the list with the highest population of obese adults, at 44.2 percent. In 2015, it shot up to 47.3 percent.

Malaysia has the highest rate of diabetes in Asia and one of the highest in the world, probably next to Saudi Arabia

Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. In fact, you can have type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. Look for: -Increased thirst -Frequent urination -Increased hunger -Unintended weight loss -Fatigue -Blurred vision -Slow-healing sores -Frequent infections -Areas of darkened skin, usually in the armpits and neck

Remember to check your blood glucose regularly and make sure they are in the normal range.

Healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent type 2 diabetes, and that's true even if you have diabetes in your family. If you've already received a diagnosis of diabetes, you can use healthy lifestyle choices to help prevent complications. If you have prediabetes, lifestyle changes can slow or stop the progression to diabetes.